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Sjogren's Syndrome

What is Scleroderma

Sjogren’s syndrome, similar to rheumatoid arthritis, is a chronic autoimmune disease whereby the body’s white blood cells starts attacking the exocrine glands, especially the lacrimal and salivary glands which are responsible for secreting tears and saliva respectively. Sjogren’s syndrome could also affect other parts of the body, such as experiencing rashes and pain in the joints due to the inflammation of blood vessels. It could lead to inflammation vital organs such as the lungs and kidneys.

There are 2 major classifications of people suffering from Sjogren’s syndrome.

  • Primary Sjogren’s Syndrome

    This indicates that a patient suffering from Sjogren’s syndrome is solely suffering from it.
  • Secondary Sjogren’s Syndrome

    This indicates that a patient could have developed Sjogren’s syndrome in conjunction with other connective tissue disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis and lupus.
  • It is often difficult to properly diagnose a person suffering from Sjogren’s syndrome. The symptoms take long to develop and they usually evolve overtime as well. It takes an average of 6 years, from the time of the first symptom to accurate diagnosis, to accurately diagnose Sjogren’s syndrome.

    Listed below are some of the signs and symptoms.

  • Dryness / itchiness of the eyes
  • Dryness of the throat
  • Difficulty in swallowing
  • Sores in the mouth
  • Difficulty in speaking
  • Loss of voice
  • Pain in the joints
  • Swelling and inflammation of joints
  • Listed below are some of the risks factors.

  • Genetic Factors

    Patients with a family history of autoimmune disorders have a higher predisposition of developing Sjogren’s syndrome.
  • Hormonal Factors

    Women are more likely to develop Sjogren’s syndrome due to the presence of the female sex hormone, estrogen.
  • Environmental Factors

    Exposure to mutagens could increase one’s risk in developing Sjogren’s syndrome.
  • Our Services

    There are more than 100 different types of rheumatic disorders. Our team works together to diagnose and treat the full spectrum of these disorders, including autoimmune diseases, such as lupus, rheumatoid osteoarthritis and psoriatic osteoarthritis, as well as other forms of osteoarthritis, such as osteoosteoarthritis, gout and osteoarthritis. Treatments for the various conditions may include lifestyle changes, medication and surgery. A/Prof Leong will tailor each treatment plan to effectively manage the condition in each patient.

    Click on each service to find out more

    About Our Arthritis Specialist

    A/Prof Leong Keng Hong is a senior consultant rheumatologist at Gleneagles Medical Centre and an Adjunct Associate Professor at Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine at the National University of Singapore. He is the founder of the Osteoporosis Society (Singapore) (OSS), established in 1996, and served as its President until 2004. He also served as the Inaugural Chairman of the Chapter of Rheumatologists in the Academy of Medicine, Singapore from 2004-2007 and was delegated as Chairman until 2013.

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